Indian Express Editorial & Vocabulary – By the kilo

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By the kilo

The kilogram is to be redefined tomorrow, but there is no cause for alarm. You will not have to fight with your grocer for being diddled. Tinpot dictators nursing their kiloton-yield nukes will not suddenly feel like lightweights. All it means is that science and technology will be unburdened of the Big K, the reference kilogram weight, a platinum-iridium cylinder stored at St Cloud, against which weights the world over are measured.

The Système International or SI system of units, which includes the Big K, is a milestone in human cooperation as important as — and possibly more useful than — the UN Charter. Everyone who needs to measure anything accurately has agreed to use it, without nationalist histrionics, whether to measure the mass of an atom or the volume of a bottle of cola. Earlier, there had been dissonance about fundamental units like the second, the metre and the kilogram, which were arbitrarily defined, and did not echo the music of the spheres. The institution of SI in 1960 brought the whole system on key. The second, derived from astronomy, was redefined in terms of the oscillations of the caesium-133 atom. The metre, originally defined as a geographical distance and measured by a metal rod kept in Paris, was redefined in terms of the speed of light, an absolute constant.

Now, the kilogram, the last poorly defined unit left, will be redefined in terms of Planck’s constant, a central feature of quantum mechanics. This will make calculations across the sciences easier and remove dependence on the Big K, the Old Dreadful of weights and measures. Let us not go into the intricacies of this matter. Let us, rather, find satisfaction in the certainty that with a better definition, we can still have biryani by the kilo, but without fear of ever going wrong.

Vocabulary

Accurate: capable of or successful in reaching the intended target.

Example: Reliable, accurate rifles

Synonyms: well-aimed, on target, unerring, deadly, lethal, sure, true

 
Redefine: define again or differently.

Example: Her attempt to redefine postmodernism along more political and sociocultural lines

 
Oscillation: movement back and forth at a regular speed.

The natural oscillation of a spring

Synonyms: swinging, swinging to and fro, swing, swaying; wavering, swinging

 
Unburden: relieve someone of something that is causing anxiety or distress.

Example: The need to unburden yourself to someone who will listen

 
Dissonance: lack of harmony among musical notes.

Example: An unusual degree of dissonance for such choral styles

 
Arbitrarily: based on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system.

Example: His mealtimes were entirely arbitrary

Synonyms: capricious, whimsical, random, chance, unpredictable, casual, wanton

 
Intricacies: the quality of being intricate.

Example: The exquisite intricacy of Indian silverwork

 
Constant: occurring continuously over a period of time.

Example: The pain is constant

Synonyms: continual, continuous, persistent, sustained, around/round-the-clock

 
Redefine: define again or differently.

Example: Her attempt to redefine postmodernism along more political and sociocultural lines

 

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