Times of India Editorial & Vocabulary – May on migrants

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May on migrants

As the United Kingdom and European Union prepare for Brexit, Prime Minister Theresa May has said that the new system will ensure that migrants from EU are no longer able to jump the queue ahead of those from countries like India. She touted a shift to a skills-based immigration system where the origin of the migrant will matter less than the expertise he would bring to UK. Under current EU rules, migrant workers from the bloc can freely find work in UK, while those from India have to undergo strict visa requirements. May’s comments are an indicator of the changing lay of the land, which India needs to be aware of.

Western countries are currently in the throes of a populist revolution part of which is about throwing up barriers to migrants – of which the UK vote for Brexit itself is an example. However, the fact remains that countries like UK are aging societies that need skilled migrant workers. Meanwhile India enjoys a demographic dividend which it is unable to make much use of – since it cannot generate enough jobs for young people coming into the workforce. Ceaseless and intractable caste agitations for government jobs are a reminder of this reality.

In such a scenario, India would do well to up the skill quotient of its own population by investing heavily in education. Apart from putting Indian workers in good stead vis-à-vis favourable immigration policies, this is also necessary for meeting the coming challenge from automation. The latter will see certain categories of jobs become obsolete, necessitating massive re-training. The world is changing. May’s changing her previously hard position on immigration is a recognition, and indicator, of this. India too must work much harder to realise its demographic dividend.

Vocabulary

Ensure: make certain that something shall occur or be the case.

Example: The client must ensure that accurate records be kept

Synonyms: make sure, make certain, see to it, check, confirm, establish, verify


Touted: attempt to sell something, typically by pestering people in an aggressive or bold manner

Example: Jim was touting his wares


Requirement: a thing that is needed or wanted.

Example: Choose the type of window that suits your requirements best


Throes: intense or violent pain and struggle, especially accompanying birth, death, or great change.

Example: He convulsed in his death throes

Synonyms: agony, pain, pangs, spasms, torment, suffering, torture, travail


Dividend: a sum of money paid regularly typically quarterly by a company to its shareholders out of its profits or reserves.

Example: Tax exemptions on dividend payments from pension funds have been scrapped.


Ceaseless: constant and unending.

Example: The fort was subjected to ceaseless bombardment

Synonyms: continual, constant, continuous, incessant, unceasing, unending, endless


Obsolete: no longer produced or used

Example: The disposal of old and obsolete machinery

Synonyms: outdated, out of date, outmoded, old-fashioned


Recognition: the action or process of recognizing or being recognized, in particular.

Example: She saw him pass by without a sign of recognition

Synonyms: identification, recollection, remembrance

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