Daily Current affairs - July 26th, 2017 for all competitive exams

26 July- Kargil Vijay Diwas: 
The country celebrated the 18th Anniversary of ‘Kargil Vijay Diwas’. On the occasion, Defence Minister Arun Jaitley and three Chiefs of Services laid floral tribute at Amar Jawan Jyoti, India Gate.
  • Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July, commemorates India’s emphatic victory against Pakistan and honors the war heroes.
  • On this day in 1999, the Indian Army successfully took control of posts at a treacherous high altitude and glaciated terrain across the Himalayas in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir, after fighting for 60 days.

Daily Current affairs - July 25th, 2017 for all competitive exams

IMF retains India 2017 GDP growth forecast at 7.2%
The International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) July World Economic Outlook Update retained India’s projected GDP growth rate for 2017-18 at 7.2%, and at 7.7% for 2018-19.
  • The IMF added that while activity slowed following demonetisation, growth for 2016-17 was higher than anticipated on the back of government spending and stronger momentum in the first part of that year, as revealed by data revisions.

Daily Current affairs - July 23rd and 24th, 2017 for all competitive exams

India to host Global Conference on Cyber Space 2017
India will host the fifth Global Conference on Cyber Space (GCCS) in November 2017. One of the largest cyber security conferences in the world, GCSS will be held in New Delhi.
  • Union Minister for electronics and IT, Ravi Shankar Prasad stated that prime minister Narendra Modi will be inaugurating the conference whose theme will be based on Cyber4All: An Inclusive, Sustainable, Developmental, Safe and Secure Cyberspace.
  • It is the first time ever that the Global Conference on Cyber Space is taking place outside Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations.

Daily Current affairs - July 22nd, 2017 for all competitive exams

Loksabha passed Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017
The Lok Sabha passed a Bill that offers untrained teachers teaching in schools time till March 31, 2019, to acquire B.El. Ed (Bachelor of Elementary Education) or D. El. Ed. (Diploma in Elementary Education) qualifications to hold their jobs as teachers.
  • This was done through an amendment to the Right to Education Act, 2009, as a last chance to such teachers not to lose their jobs.
  • The Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017 Bill will now have to pass muster in the Rajya Sabha — and get presidential assent after that — to become an Act.
  • The qualifications are deemed necessary to ensure that teachers are well-qualified to ensure quality of education. 

Daily Current affairs - July 21st, 2017 for all competitive exams

Ram Nath Kovind elected as the 14th President of India
Former Bihar governor Ram Nath Kovind is the 14th President of India. He won with over 7 lakh votes against Opposition candidate Meira Kumar.
  • Article 54 of the Indian Constitution lays the guidelines about voters in a Presidential election. It says, “Election of President The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the elected members of both Houses of Parliament; and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States.”

Daily Current affairs - July 20th, 2017 for all competitive exams

Cabinet approves Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2017 
The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval for the promulgation of the Central Goods and Services Tax (Extension to Jammu & Kashmir) Ordinance, 2017 and replacement of the Ordinance by the Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2017. 
  • The Ordinance has extended the provisions of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 referred to as (CGST Act) to the State of Jammu & Kashmir. 
  • The Ordinance has been promulgated on 8th July, 2017 and the Central Goods and Services Tax (Amendment) Bill, 2017 will be tabled in the current session of the Parliament. 

BharatNet deadline pushed to March 2019
The Union Cabinet has approved the second phase of the BharatNet project that forms the backbone for the government’s Digital India initiative. The deadline for the delay-marred project has been pushed to March 2019.
  • The Centre is still working on completing the first phase of the BharatNet project for which the deadline was March 2017.
  • Bharat Net sought to connect all of India’s households, particularly in rural areas, through broadband by 2017, forming the backbone of the government’s ambitious Digital India programme.
  • The project is being funded through the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF).

Cabinet nod for IWAI bond issue
The Union Cabinet has given its nod to Inland Waterways Authority of India  for raising  Rs.660 crore in bonds for extra budgetary resources in 2017-18.
  • The proceeds from the bonds will be utilised by IWAI for development and maintenance of National Waterways (NWs) under National Waterways Act, 2016.
  • Funds received through issue of bonds will be used exclusively for capital expenditure to improve infrastructure funding.
  • Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) is the statutory authority in charge of the waterways in India. Its headquarters is located in Noida, UP.

IIITs now Institutes of National Importance
The Lok Sabha on Wednesday passed a Bill to declare the Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT) established under the public-private partnership (PPP) route as Institutes of National Importance (INIs).
  • During the discussion before the passage of the Bill, Minister of Human Resource Development (MoHRD) Prakash Javadekar said that as PPP did not mean there would be fee hikes.

Bill on mob violence
Asaduddin Owaisi, MP and All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen chief, has sent notice for a private members Bill in the Lok Sabha to combat mob violence.
  • The Bill criminalises mob violence as well as acts of omission by public servants.

Ministry, NITI Aayog moot privatisation of select services in district hospitals
As a part of a radical ‘privatisation project’, the Health Ministry and the NITI Aayog have developed a framework to let private hospitals run select services within district hospitals, on a 30-year lease. The framework was prepared in consultation with the World Bank.
  • As per the framework, the government will be allowing “a single private partner or a single consortium of private partners” to bid for space in district level hospitals, “especially in tier 2 & 3 cities.”
  • Under this Public Private Partnership (PPP), care for only three non-communicable diseases — cardiac disease, pulmonary disease, and cancer care — will be provided.

T.R. Zeliang sworn in as Nagaland CM
T.R. Zeliang was sworn in as the Chief Minister of Nagaland in the place of Shurhozelie Liezietsu, who was sacked by Governor P.B. Acharya.
  • But within hours, the Naga People’s Front (NPF) expelled Mr. Zeliang for six years for “anti-party activities.”
  • Mr. Zeliang spearheaded the rebellion against Mr. Liezietsu on July 8 and staked claim to form a government with the support of a majority of the MLAs. 
  • The Governor asked Mr. Liezietsu to prove his majority by July 15, but he filed a writ petition in the Gauhati High Court. It was dismissed on July 18. Subsequently, the Governor summoned a special session of the House.

Odisha CM Naveen’s plea to Centre on Paika rebellion
A day after the Odisha Cabinet decided to propose to the Centre to declare the Paika Rebellion of 1817 as the first war of Indian independence, Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik wrote to Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh requesting Centre to consider the proposal positively.
  • The Paika Rebellion, popularly known as Paika Bidroha, was a broad based and well organised plural struggle against the rule of the British East India Company.
  • President Pranab Mukherjee is scheduled to inaugurate the year-long celebrations of the Paika Rebellion in New Delhi on July 20.

Cabinet nod for Sabarimala airport on Cheruvally estate
The Cabinet meeting approved the recommendation of the three-member committee headed by Additional Chief Secretary (Revenue) P.H. Kurien that the proposed airport be set up on the estate, which is located on the way to the Ayyappa temple at Sabariamala, 136 km from the State capital and 113 km from Kochi.
  • The proposed Sabarimala greenfield international airport in Central Travancore is to come up on the Cheruvally estate, 2.5 km from the Theni-Kottarakara National Highway and close to Erumeli town in Kottayam district.
  • Once commissioned, this would be the fifth international airport in the State.

Cabinet approves MOC in respect of tax matters between India and BRICS countries - Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa 
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given the approval for the signing of Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) in respect of tax matters between India and the Revenue administrations of BRICS countries namely, Brazil, Russian Federation, China and South Africa 
  • The MoC aims to further promote cooperation amongst the BRICS Revenue administrations in international forum on common areas of interest in tax matters and in the area of capacity building and knowledge sharing.
  • The MoC will stimulate effective cooperation in tax matters. The collective stand of BRICS countries can prove to be beneficial not only to these countries but also to other developing countries in the long run in tax matters being steered by the G20. 

Cabinet apprised of MoU between India and Netherlands on cooperation in space technology  
The Union Cabinet has been apprised of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Netherlands on cooperation in the exploration and uses of outer space for peaceful purposes.
  • The MoU was signed on May 11 & 22, 2017 at Bangalore and The Hague respectively. 
  • This MoU shall enable the following areas of cooperation such as, space science, technology and applications including remote sensing of the earth; satellite communication and satellite based navigation; Space science and planetary exploration; use of spacecraft and space systems and ground system; and application of space technology. 

Australia and US jointly launched multimillion hypersonic missile – HIFiRE
The US and Australia have jointly test-fired a hypersonic missile capable of moving at a speed eight times faster than sound as part of a $54-million research project.
  • The test was part of a project called the Hypersonic International Flight Research Experimentation Program (HIFiRE) involving the US and Australian militaries, Queensland University, Australia’s Defence Science and Technology Group.
  • A hypersonic glider capable of moving at a speed eight times faster than sound has launched from a rocket range in the town of Woomera, South Australia.

US Navy tests world’s first Laser Weapons System
The U.S. Navy recently tested the world's first-ever active laser weapons system, which is now deployed and ready for war. 
  • The system has special materials that release photons and at the speed of light, it silently hits an object, burning it to a temperature of thousands of degrees.
  • Each strike travels 50,000 times the speed of an incoming intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM).

MoU Signed Between Department of Defence Production and GSL
Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL), a Miniratna Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU) signed an MoU for the financial year 2017-18 with Ministry of Defence.
  • This year’s MoU target for ‘Revenue from Operations’ has been set at Rs1150 crore, which is 43 percent higher than the financial year 2016-17 target of Rs800 crore.
  • Notably, in the financial year 2016-17, the Shipyard achieved historical high VoP of Rs1030 crore and PBT of Rs177 crore. GSL was adjudged as ‘Best Performing Shipyard’ by MoD.

Ram Nath Kovind elected 14th President of India
The NDA candidate Ram Nath Kovind has been declared by the Secretary General of Lok Sabha Anoop Mishra as elected President of India. Mr. Kovind got 7,02,044 votes while his opponent, the joint Opposition candidate Meira Kumar, got 3,67,314 out of a total of 10,69,358.
  • Succeeding Pranab Mukherjee, Kovind will be sworn in as the 14th president of India on July 25. Kovind will be the seventh youngest person to be anointed to the coveted post. He is also the second Dalit after KR Narayanan to adorn the coveted post. He is the first President from Uttar Pradesh.

L K Advani receives Lifetime Achievement Award for contributions in Lok Sabha
Veteran BJP leader L.K. Advani received the Lifetime Achievement Award for his contributions as a parliamentarian in the Lok Sabha.
  • JD-U leader Sharad Yadav also received the Lifetime Achievement Award as a Rajya Sabha representative from Vice President Hamid Ansari at a function organized by the Lokmat Media Group to honor distinguished Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha members.
The other awardees from the Lok Sabha-
  • Best Parliamentarian- Revolutionary Socialist Party MP N.K. Premachandran,
  • Best Woman Parliamentarian- Congress leader Kumari Sushmita Dev and 
  • Best Debut Woman Parliamentarian- BJP leader Meenakshi Lekhi.

The awardees from the Rajya Sabha-
  • Best Parliamentarian- CPI-M leader Sitaram Yechury, 
  • Best Woman Parliamentarian- Samajwadi Party MP Jaya Bachchan and 
  • Best Debut Woman Parliamentarian- Congress MP Rajni Patil.

President of India Presents ‘Pranab Mukherjee Award for Academic Excellence’ 
The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee presented the ‘Pranab Mukherjee Award for Academic Excellence’ to Shri Aman Aggarwal for scoring the highest aggregate in Class XII CBSE Examination, 2017 among the students of Dr. Rajendra Prasad Sarvodaya Vidyalaya located in the President’s Estate on July 19, 2017 at Rashtrapati Bhavan. 
  • On the occasion, Both the ‘Omita Paul Award for Academic Excellence’ for scoring highest aggregate marks amongst girls in Class XII CBSE Examination, 2017 as well as the ‘Kunjannamma Mathew Award’ for Academic Excellence’ for scoring highest marks in Mathematics amongst the girls in Class XII CBSE Examination, 2017 were presented to Kumari Muskan Sharma.

Daily Current affairs - July 19th, 2017 for all competitive exams

Aadhaar: 9-judge Bench to consider whether privacy is a basic right
A nine-judge Bench of the Supreme Court will hear the question whether privacy is a fundamental human right and is part of the basic structure of the Constitution.
  • The decision taken by a five-judge Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice Khehar is on the basis of a bunch of petitions contending that the Aadhaar scheme, is a violation of the citizens’ right to privacy. The petitioners have argued that right to privacy is part of Article 21, the right to life, and interspersed in Article 19, though not explicitly stated in the Constitution.
  • The nine judges will be Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar, Justices J. Chelameswar, S.A. Bobde, R.K. Agrawal, Rohinton Fali Nariman, A.M. Sapre, D.Y. Chandrachud, Sanjay Kishan Kaul and S. Abdul Nazeer.

UIDAI launches mAadhaar app on Android
UIDAI, which issues Aadhaar numbers, has launched mAadhaar app for mobile users that will allow users to carry unique identification profile on mobile.
  • It allows users to carry their Aadhaar demographic information, i.e. name, date of birth, gender, address and the photograph linked with their Aadhaar number, on their smartphones.

Supreme Court allows Centre to replace MCI oversight committee
The Supreme Court has allowed the Centre to replace the oversight committee set up to supervise the functioning of the Medical Council of India (MCI) with a fresh panel of five eminent doctors.
  • It also gave the Centre liberty to replace any doctor in the list with another if he does not wish to be a part of the oversight committee.
  • The MCI was established in 1934 under the Indian Medical Council Act, 1933, as an elected body for maintaining the medical register and providing ethical oversight, with no specific role in medical education.

Modi Cabinet shrinks again
The portfolios of M. Venkaiah Naidu, the vice-presidential candidate of the National Democratic Alliance, were reallocated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Union Textile Minister Smriti Irani was given additional charge of Information and Broadcasting, while Rural Development Minister Narendra Tomar took over the Urban Development Ministry.
  • The reallocation was a temporary fix for what is turning out to be a shortage of hands: the Ministries of Defence, Environment, and now Information and Broadcasting and Urban Development are without full-time Ministers.

Mobile operators seek doubling of IUC
According to sources, Top mobile operators, including Bharti Airtel on Tuesday pitched for doubling the interconnection usage charge (IUC) while newer rival Reliance Jio has suggested a zero IUC regime at a workshop organised by regulator TRAI on the issue.
  • These charges are payable by the operator whose subscriber makes a call to the operator whose subscriber receives the call thereby impacting the tariff. The older operators and Reliance Jio had been at loggerheads over the issue for some time now.

Zakir Naik’s passport revoked, says NIA officials
The passport of controversial Islamic preacher Zakir Naik, wanted in connection with alleged terror funding cases, was on Tuesday revoked at the request of the National Investigation Agency (NIA).
  • The travel document was revoked by the Regional Passport Office of Mumbai after 51-year-old Naik failed to respond to a show cause notice issued to him for personal appearance by July 13.
  • The NIA, on November 18, 2016, had registered a criminal case against Mr. Naik at its Mumbai branch under various sections of Indian Penal Code and Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.
  • His organisation, Islamic Research Foundation (IRF), has already been declared as an unlawful association by the government a day prior to registering of the case.

Gujarat retains top slot of states with most investment potential:
Gujarat has retained the top position in the list of 21 states and UTs with most investment potential, according to a report by economic think-tank NCAER.
  • The National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) State Investment Potential Index (N-SIPI 2017) report ranks states on their competitiveness in business and their investment climate. 
  • The ranking of 20 states and one Union Territory of Delhi was based on six pillars — labour, infrastructure, economic climate, governance and political stability, perceptions and land — and 51 sub-indicators.
  • Gujarat is followed by Delhi, Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh.

Get real on Swachh
Despite the most stringent penal provisions in the law against manual scavenging, it continues in parts of India.
  • The recent order of the Madras High Court asking the Centre and the Tamil Nadu government to ensure the strict enforcement of the Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act, 2013 points to the malaise.
  • Manual scavenging persists mainly because of the continued presence of insanitary latrines, of which there are about 2.6 million that require cleaning by hand.

India & Sri Lanka sign MoU to develop village in Anuradhapura District
India and Sri Lanka have signed a MoU to develop a village in Anuradhapura District (in Sri Lanka) at a cost of 30 crores Sri Lankan rupees. 
  • The village in the name of a famous Buddhist monk Sobitha Thero, envisages construction of 153 new houses, a multi-purpose community building, internal water supply system and renovation of monk’s quarters & library.
  • The project is in line with Government of Sri Lanka’s policy of rehabilitation of rural villages for economic development. It will benefit 153 families residing in the village.

World’s 1st Laser Weapon:
The US has launched the world’s first laser weapon known as the Laser Weapons System (LaWS). The LaWS is currently deployed aboard the USS Ponce, an amphibious transport ship, in the Persian Gulf.
  • Operationally, it works just like a laser pointer. There’s a chamber inside with special materials that release photons.
  • The LaWS laser beam is completely silent and invisible. It’s also fast: The laser travels at the speed of light (186,000 miles per second, or about 300,000 kilometers per second), meaning it’s about 50,000 times the speed of an incoming intercontinental ballistic missile.

UK’s first woman Sikh MP Preet Kaur Gill elected to key Parliament panel
Britain’s first woman Sikh MP Preet Kaur Gill has been elected to an influential cross-party panel in the UK Parliament that examines the workings of the Home Office.
  • The Labour MP, who won the Birmingham Edgbaston seat in the UK elections 2017, will be one of 11 MPs on the cross-party home affairs committee, which investigates the spending, policy and administration of the ministerial department.

Flipkart lifts bid for rival Snapdeal to up to $950 mn
According to sources.Online retailing major Flipkart is believed to have sent a revised offer of $900-950 million to buy smaller rival, Snapdeal.
  • The Bengaluru-based firm has offered to pay the said amount for buying Snapdeal’s online marketplace and Unicommerce.
  • In 2015, Snapdeal had acquired Unicommerce, an e-commerce management software and fulfilment solution provider.
  • Snapdeal’s board has already rejected a takeover offer of $800-850 million (around Rs. 5,500 crore) from Flipkart. In case the Snapdeal board accepts the new offer from Flipkart, the two parties will negotiate a sale and purchase agreement (SPA).

E-commerce: RCEP nations talk details
Sixteen Asia Pacific nations, including India, are discussing in detail norms on e-commerce as part of negotiations on the proposed mega Free Trade Agreement known as the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP).
  • Issues including digital certification, paperless trading, online consumer protection and customs duties in e-commerce have been identified for discussion.
  • The discussions follow the setting up of a panel on e-commerce two years ago by RCEP countries in response to a Japanese proposal on easing foreign direct investment in the sector under which member countries would exchange best practices linked to online commerce.
  • RCEP is proposed between the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) (Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam) and the six states with which ASEAN has existing FTAs (Australia, China, India, Japan, South Korea and New Zealand).

Colombian chef Espinosa wins €100,000 prize
Leonor Espinosa, a Colombian chef known for sourcing local ingredients and giving back to the communities that supply them, has won the Basque Culinary World Prize, a €100,000 (Rs. 74.4 lakh) prize for chefs who make a difference.
  • Ms. Espinosa, the head chef at LEO in Bogota and founder of the Funleo foundation, received the award in Mexico City.

Infosys executive V-P Ritika Suri quits
Infosys executive vice-president Ritika Suri, who was focused on getting large deals, has resigned from the company.
  • Ms. Suri, who led the acquisition of Israeli automation technology firm Panaya for Infosys, was based out of the U.S.

FIFA has lifted their ban on the Sudan Football Association
World football's governing body FIFA lifted the ban on the Sudan Football Association (SFA) imposed on it for the failure to abide by agreements mentioned in articles 14 and 19 of the FIFA statute.
  • The SFA and its member officials are now eligible to benefit from the FIFA development program, course or training.