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Logical Reasoning


Logical reasoning, also known as critical thinking or analytic reasoning, involves one's ability to isolate and identify the various components of any given argument. A person with a higher logical reasoning ability is better equipped to work in positions that require quick decision making. So, it is not a surprise that the logical reasoning questions commonly appear in any placement tests, competitive exams or entrance exams.

Each Logical Reasoning question requires you to read and comprehend a short passage, then answer one question (or, rarely, two questions) about it. The questions are designed to assess a wide range of skills involved in thinking critically, with an emphasis on skills that are central to legal reasoning.

These skills include:
  • Recognizing the parts of an argument and their relationships
  • Recognizing similarities and differences between patterns of reasoning
  • Drawing well-supported conclusions
  • Reasoning by analogy
  • Recognizing misunderstandings or points of disagreement
  • Determining how additional evidence affects an argument
  • Detecting assumptions made by particular arguments
  • Identifying and applying principles or rules
  • Identifying flaws in arguments
  • Identifying explanations

The questions do not presuppose specialized knowledge of logical terminology. For example, you will not be expected to know the meaning of specialized terms such as “ad hominem” or “syllogism.” On the other hand, you will be expected to understand and critique the reasoning contained in arguments. This requires that you possess a university-level understanding of widely used concepts such as argument, premise, assumption, and conclusion.
Suggested Approach:
  • Read each question carefully. Make sure that you understand the meaning of each part of the question. Make sure that you understand the meaning of each answer choice and the ways in which it may or may not relate to the question posed.
  • Do not pick a response simply because it is a true statement. Although true, it may not answer the question posed.
  • Answer each question on the basis of the information that is given, even if you do not agree with it. Work within the context provided by the passage. 

Topics

Analogy
Classification
Coding-Decoding
Time sequence, Number & Ranking test
Input - Output
Decision Making
Sitting Arrangement
Non verbal Reasoning

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