Polity

Polity is a state or one of its subordinate civil authorities, such as a province, prefecture, county, municipality, city, or district. It is generally understood to mean a geographic area with a corresponding government. Thomas Hobbes considered bodies politic in this sense in Leviathan. In previous centuries, body politic was also understood to mean "the physical person of the sovereign:" emperor,king or dictator in monarchies and despotisms, and the electorate in republics. In present times, it may also refer to representation of a group, such as ones drawn along ethnic or gender lines. Cabinets in liberal democracies are chosen to represent the body politic

Here, we have Provided Polity information which is relevant to UPSC and other PSCs Examination:
For 2017 Polity notes Click here

For 2016 Polity notes Click here

 Topics



Making of the Constitution
Salient features of the Constitution
Preamble of the Constitution
Part-I : Union and It's Territory(Article 1 to 4)
Part-II: Citizenship(Article 5 to 11)
Part-III: Fundamental Rights(Article 12 to 35)
Part-IV: Directive principles of state policy(Article 36 to 51)


Part-V: The Union(Article 52 to 151)
Chapter-I: The Executive(Article 52 to 78)

Chapter-II: Parliament(Article 79 to 122)

Chapter-III: Legislative powers of the President(Article 123)

Chapter-IV: Union judiciary(Article 124 to 147)

Chapter-V: Comptroller and Auditor - General of India(Article 148 to 151)


Part- VI: The States(Article 152 to 237)
Chapter- I: General (Article 152)

Chapter-II: The Executive(Article 153 to 167)

Chapter-III: The State Legislature(Article 168 to 212)

Chapter-IV:Legislative powers of the Governor(Article 213)

Chapter-V: Highcourts(Article 214 to 231)

Chapter-VI: Subordinate courts(Article 233 to 237)


Part- VII: Repealed(Article 238)
Part- VIII: The Union Territoties(Article 239 to 242)
Part- IX: The Panchayats(Article 243 to 243O)
Part- IX(A): The Muncipalities(Article 243P to 243ZG)
Part-IX(B): The Cooperative Socities(Article 243ZH to 243ZT)
Part- X: The Scheduled and Tribal areas(Article 244 to 244A)

Part- XI: Relation between the Union and States(Article 245 to 263)
Chapter- I:Legislative: Center-State relations(Article 245 to 255)

Chapter-II: Administrative relations(Article 256 to 263)


Part-XII: Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits(Article 264 to 300A)
Chapter-I: Finance(Article 264 to 291)

Chapter-II: Borrowing(Article 292 to 293)

Chapter-III: Property, Contracts, Rights, Liabilities, Obligations and Suits

Chapter- IV: Right to Property(Article 300A)


Part- XIII: Trade, Commerce and intercourse within India(Article 301 to 307)

Part-XIV: Services Under the Union and States(Article 308 to 323)
Chapter-I: Services(Article 308 to 314)

Chapter-II: Public Service Commissions(Article 315 to 323)


Part- XIV(A): Tribunals(Article 323A to 323B)
Part- XV: Elections(Article 324 to 329A)
Part- XVI: Special Provosions for Certain cases(Article 330 to 342)

Part-XVII: Official Languages(Article 343 to 351)
Chapter-I: Language of the Union(Article 343 to 344)

Chapter-II: Regional Language(Article 345 to 347)

Chapter-III: Language of the Supreme court, High courts etc(Article 348 to 349)

Chapter-IV:Special Directives(Article 350 to 351)


Part-XVIII: Emergency Provisions(Article 352 to 360)
Part-XIX: Miscellaneous(Article 361 to 367)
Part-XX: Amendment to the Constitution(Article 368)
Part-XXI: Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions- Special status of states(Article 369 to 392)
                     ******** Article 379 to 391 Repealed

Part-XXII: Title, Commencement, Authoritatve text in Hindi and Repeals(Article 393 to 395)

For 2017 Polity notes Click here
For 2016 Polity notes Click here