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Fundamental duties of the Constitution

The Constitution of India, the longest written Constitution of the world, has envisaged a holistic approach towards civic life in a democratic polity. Certain rights have been guaranteed within the Constitution as Fundamental Rights. Since human conduct cannot be confined to the realm of Fundamental Rights, the Constitution has envisaged certain duties, which are correlated to the rights, and those duties have been described as Fundamental Duties.

The introduction of Fundamental Duties by the Swaran Singh Committee was done when the Fundamental Rights were under suspension during the Emergency.

Fundamental Duties:
The following ten Fundamental Duties were introduced by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976 — Article 51-A: It shall be the duty of every citizen of India: 
  1. To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem; 
  2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom; 
  3. To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India; 
  4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so; 
  5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women; 
  6. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture; 
  7. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife and to have compassion for living creatures; 
  8. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform; 
  9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence; 
  10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement. 
Subsequently, another duty was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002: for a parent or guardian,
11. To provide opportunities for education of the child or ward between the age of six and fourteen.
Additional duties which are not metioned in the constitution also importan duties to every citizen of india. These are available from here
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